Facts and figures

  • Official title of the country: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • National emblem

- Algerian Flag

- National Anthem

  • System of Government : Republic
  • The President : Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika
  • The Prime Minister : Mr. Abdelmalek SELLAL
  • The Council of Ministers is chaired by the President of the Republic.
  • The Parliament : bicameral
  • The Council of the Nation / President : Mr. Abdelkader BENSALAH
  • The National People's Assembly / President : Mr. Mohamed Larbi Ould Khelifa
  • Independence : July 5, 1962 
  • Constitution revised by referendum on November 28, 1996 and amended in 2002.
Map of Algeria


 Type of Government



2.381.741 km²




36.3 million inhabitants

Urban population (%)


Demographic growth (%)


National language


Working language

French, English


Islam (religion of the state)

GDP Growth (%)



2.600,- US dollars

Inflation (%)


External Debt

03.68 billions US dollars

Foreign Exchange Reserves

173.63 billions US dollars

Natural Resources

Oil, gas, iron, phosphate, zinc, 
Mercury, gold, uranium, salt, marble…


Algerian Dinar (DA)

Exchange rate 

1 US $ = 80 DA

Local Time  G.M.T. + 1
Telephone code  213 + city code
Climate Mediterranean in the North/ warmer and drier in the South

  • Official working days :

              from Sunday through Thursday

  • National day :

              November 1st (Anniversary of the 1954 Revolution)

  • Holidays:

              New Year's Day : January 1st

              Labor day : May 1st

              Independence Day : July 5th

              Anniversary of Revolution : November 1st - National Day

  • Religious holidays  set on the basis of the lunar calendar of Islam

               Awal Mouharem (Islamic New Year / one day)

               Achoura (10th day of the lunar month of Mouharem / one day)

               Mouloud (12th day of the lunar month of Rabi-al-awal /one day)

               Eid-Al-Fitr (End of the month of Ramadan /two days)

               Eid-Al-Adha (Holiday of Sacrifice, 2months and 10 days after Eid-al- 

               Fitr /

  • Most important cities 

Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Setif, Bejaia, Tlemcen, Tizi-Ouzou, Batna, Ouargla, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Mostaganem, Tiaret, Mascara, Tamanrasset.

  • Ports :

Algiers, Oran, Arzew, Annaba, Skikda, Bejaia, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Beni-Saf, Tenes, Dellys.

Sea transport: 90 million tons


  •   Airports :

        - International Airports :

Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Bejaia Tlemcen, Tamanrasset, Hassi-Messaoud.

        - National Airports :

Tebessa, Biskra, Bechar, In Amenas, Djanet, El-oued, Ouargla, Ghardaia, Road network : 113,912 kilometers 

Rail network : 3919 kilometers 

  • Industries :

Oil refining, Gas Liquefaction, Petrochemistry, Processing industry, Industrial equipments, Electric-Electronic industries, Metallurgy, Iron and Steel, Food, Electricity, Cement, Textile, Mechanical Industry (production of trucks, buses etc...)


  • Natural Resources :

Petroleum, gas, iron, lead, zinc, phosphates, uranium, gold, diamond, copper, coal, manganese, mercury etc...

  • Agriculture :

Market gardening, citrus fruits(oranges, mandarins, clementines, lemons), grapes, olives, dates, pears, apricots, peaches etc...

  • Forests : 400,000 hectares
  • Major growth industries with good investment potential :

Hydrocarbon, Petrochemical industries, Electronics, Textile, Tourism industries, Mining industries.